Louisiana gardening by the month: January!

Here’s what to plant for January‼️

January: Vegetables to plant in January include beets, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, garden peas, Irish potatoes, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, mustard, radishes, rutabagas, spinach, Swiss chard and turnips. Plant seeds of tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in small pots in greenhouses or under lights indoors.
Keep the old, spent flowers of cool-season bedding plants picked off to encourage continued blooming and fertilize if needed.
Repeat-flowering roses generally are pruned twice a year — in late January to early February and again in late August to early September. Hold off pruning cold-damaged woody tropicals, such as hibiscus and angel trumpet, until spring. At that time, look for new growth and then cut the plant back appropriately.

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Louisiana gardening by the month: December!

Here’s what to plant for December‼️

 Vegetables to plant in December include beets, cabbage, carrots, celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onions, radish, rutabaga, shallots, spinach, Swiss chard and turnips.
Anticipating freezing temperatures, evaluate tropical plants in your landscape. Decide what needs to be protected and decide how you will do it (bring inside, cover). Have materials on hand.
If any gardening tools or equipment need repair, now is a good time to get that done so everything is in good shape next spring.
Prune off any freeze damage caused to herbaceous tropical plants, such as gingers, philodendrons, cannas and others. Place a 4- to 6-inch layer of mulch, such as pine straw, around the base of the plants to protect the roots and rhizomes.

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Louisiana gardening by the month: November!

Here’s what to plant for November‼️

 Vegetables to plant in November include beet, cabbage, carrot, celery, collard, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, leek, lettuce, mustard, onion, rutabaga, shallot, spinach, Swiss chard and turnip.
Herbs to plant include borage, celery, chervil, cilantro, dill, fennel, parsley, chives, garlic chives, lemon balm, Mexican tarragon, mints, oregano, rosemary, sage, sorrel, marjoram, thyme, French tarragon, feverfew, lavender and chamomile.
This is the beginning of the prime planting season for hardy trees, shrubs, vines and ground covers.
Finish planting most spring-flowering bulbs this month. Buy tulips and hyacinths by mid-November, and refrigerate them for at least six weeks before planting them in late December or early January.
Plant cool-season bedding plants, such as pansy, viola, alyssum, dianthus, calendula, snapdragon, diascia, nemesia, dusty miller, ornamental cabbage and kale, petunias and many more.
As leaves fall from trees, collect them, put them in your compost pile or use them as mulch.

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Louisiana gardening by the month: October!

Here’s what to plant for October‼️ 

Vegetables to plant this month include beets, broccoli (transplants), Brussels sprouts (transplants), cabbage, carrots, cauliflower (transplants), celery, Chinese cabbage, collards, endive, green peas, snow peas, edible podded peas, garlic, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onions (seed or sets), rutabaga, shallots (sets), parsley, radishes, spinach, Swiss chard, turnips and kale.
Now through February, dig, divide and transplant perennials, such as daylilies, ajuga, daisy, rudbeckia, coreopsis, yarrow and others.
October weather can be dry, so water plantings as needed. Pay special attention to any newly planted areas.
Dig and store your caladium tubers in early October. Don’t wait for the foliage to die down and disappear, since that will make it harder to find the tubers.
Water in newly planted cool-season bedding plants with a half-strength fertilizer solution to get them off to a good start.

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Louisiana gardening by the month: September!

Here’s what to plant for September‼️

 In early September, plant transplants of tomatoes or peppers and seeds of squash, cucumbers, bush snap beans and bush lima beans. Transplants or seeds of broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage can be planted throughout the month as can seeds of Brussels sprouts, Chinese cabbage, collards, mustard, kale, kohlrabi and turnips. Sets (small bulbs) of shallots and bunching onions also may be planted this month, and small whole Irish potatoes can be planted 4 inches deep spaced 12 inches apart in well-prepared beds.
Mulches may have decayed and thinned over the summer. Replenish mulch layers with fresh material to maintain about a 2- to 3-inch thickness.
The hurricane season is kicking into high gear now, and if you haven’t already done so, it’s time to look over your landscape to prepare.
Avoid pruning spring-flowering shrubs and gardenias, hydrangeas, sasanquas and camellias. They have already set their flower buds, and any pruning now will reduce blooming.
From now through the winter, do not apply fertilizers containing nitrogen to most landscape plants. Fertilizing trees, shrubs, lawns and ground covers with nitrogen in the fall can reduce the hardiness of some plants and promote winter injury.

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Louisiana gardening by the month: August!

Here’s what to plant for August‼️

 Vegetables to plant in August include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, bunching onions, cabbage, cauliflower, Swiss chard, Chinese cabbage, collards, cucumbers, lima beans, mustard, snap beans, Southern peas, shallots, squash and turnips. Plant transplants of bell peppers, tomatoes and eggplants by mid-August.
For late-summer color, continue to plant heat-tolerant bedding plants available at local nurseries and garden centers.
Prune everblooming roses back about one-third their height in late August or early September. This pruning prepares the roses for the outstanding blooming season in October, November and early December.
Hot, dry weather is ideal for chinch bug damage to show up on lawns, particularly in St. Augustine grass. Treat if needed with lawn insecticides.
Begin to order spring-flowering bulbs from catalogs for delivery in October.
If you need to, dig and divide Louisiana irises, acanthus, Easter lilies and calla lilies this month and in September.
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